PIRLS has monitored trends in reading achievement at the fourth grade since 2001. Developed by the IEA, the study takes place every 5 years and provides information on how well Year 5 pupils can apply their knowledge and skills in reading PIRLS is directed by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) PIRLS International Study Center at Boston College

    مثال ع القتل الموجب قصاص
  1. Pirl, Gregory A
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